A Site Examination is an archaeological field investigation that gives a preliminary definition of the size, data contents and spatial arrangement of artifacts and features for the purpose of assessing a site’s integrity, research potential and significance. This is to determine the site’s potential eligibility of inclusion in the National Register.
Essentially, if Intensive Survey testing revealed a significant number of artifacts in soils that hold the potential of being either unplowed or shallowly plowed then it is likely that archaeological testing will have to continue at least to the Site Examination level.
Site Examinations will locate the edges of the site and determine how likely it is that the site is archaeologically important and needs more work. At the end of Site Examination testing, PARP archaeologists will be able to say whether or not more work needs to be done. Often this is where the archaeological work stops. Either not enough data was collected to justify further work or the site boundaries have been identified well enough that development can proceed around the area. This is what is generally hoped for, that the site can be avoided and archaeological work ends here.
Depending on the size of the site being investigated, Site Examinations usually last 1-2 months.